The billion-dollar tech company Apple has begun introducing software that prevents companies from tracking their customers and collecting large amounts of data from people who use their products. With iOS 14, its latest software update, Apple users will have to allow developers to use their data for advertising or other marketing research.
Apple’s decision, which falls in line with a broad consumer privacy overhaul the company calls App Tracking Transparency (ATT). It follows the passing of Proposition 24 in California, which expanded consumer privacy protections in the state. Under Prop 24, California will take steps to raise the barriers for companies to access online users’ information in California and set up an agency to enforce those restrictions.
“If we accept as normal and unavoidable that everything in our lives can be aggregated and sold, then we lose so much more than data. We lose the freedom to be human,” said Apple CEO Tim Cook in a speech in which he subtly criticized Facebook’s privacy policies.
Facebook’s CEO Mark Zuckerberg responded with cynicism about Apple’s motives.
“Apple may say that they’re doing this to help people, but the moves clearly track their competitive interests,” Zuckerberg said.
Apple’s new software will give users the choice of how much of their data is shared and who it is shared to, largely affecting the sort of advertisements users will see.
“We believe that ethical technology is technology that works for you,” Cook said. “It’s technology that helps you sleep, not keeps you up. That tells you when you’ve had enough, that gives you space to create, or draw, or write or learn, not refresh just one more time. It’s technology that can fade into the background when you’re on a hike or going for a swim, but is there to warn you when your heart rate spikes or help you when you’ve had a nasty fall,” Cook stated.
The new software will begin being implemented within the next few months and is expected to prompt other tech companies to follow suit in order to keep up with the trend of ethical technology.
“At Google, we’ve always put users and their privacy first. Transparency, choice and control form the bedrock of our commitment to users, and advertising is no different,” the company said in a statement. “We remain committed to preserving a vibrant and open app ecosystem where people can access a broad range of ad-supported content with confidence that their privacy and choices are respected.”