1955- E. Frederic Morrow was appointed as an administrative aide to President Eisenhower and became the first African American to hold an executive position in the White House staff.
1943- Arthur Ashe, the first African American male to win Wimbledon, was born in Richmond, Virginia. At 23 years-old Ashe became the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.
1943- Civil Rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois founded the Niagara Movement. The movement was a call for opposition to racial segregation and disenfranchisement.
1963- National Guard troops imposed limited martial law in Cambridge, Maryland, after open confrontations between demonstrators and white segregationists broke out.
1972- Shirley Chisholm became the first African American presidential nominee with 151 votes from delegates polled.
1885- Sara E. Goode became the first African American woman to receive a U.S. patent for her invention the cabinet bed.