July 9

1955- E. Frederic Morrow was appointed as an administrative aide to President Eisenhower and became the first African American to hold an executive position in the White House staff.

arthur ashe

July 10

1943- Arthur Ashe, the first African American male to win Wimbledon, was born in Richmond, Virginia. At 23 years-old Ashe became the U.S. Davis Cup tennis team.

WEB Du Bois

July 11

1943- Civil Rights activist W.E.B. Du Bois founded the Niagara Movement. The movement was a call for opposition to racial segregation and disenfranchisement.

Martial law

July 12

1963- National Guard troops imposed limited martial law in Cambridge, Maryland, after open confrontations between demonstrators and white segregationists broke out.


July 13

1972- Shirley Chisholm became the first African American presidential nominee with 151 votes from delegates polled.



July 14

1885- Sara E. Goode became the first African American woman to receive a U.S. patent for her invention the cabinet bed.