Gov. Gavin Newsom signed two bills this year— AB 1505 and AB 170 both of which were vital to the continuation of important institutions. AB 1505 makes the most significant changes to California’s Charter School law, which former Gov. Pete Wilson signed into law in 1992. It also gives authorizers the right to deny an application if a school district is experiencing financial problems, and empowers school districts or county offices of education to now oversee the operations of charter schools. In addition, it places a two-year moratorium on “non-classroom based” charters, including publicly-funded homeschooling and independent study programs and computer-based learning. Under the new provisions of 1505, charter school teachers will now have to obtain training and certification required by the state to teach. They will also be subject to state level background checks before they are hired. AB 170 gives newspapers in California a one-year extension to reclassify the contract drivers who deliver their newspapers as W-2 employees, or come up with a new way to distribute their newspapers to subscribers. The publications – many of them small family-owned weeklies – said the high cost of having to immediately hire part-time contract drivers as full-time employees would have been unaffordable and forced them out of business. AB 170 gives a temporary reprieve to the newspaper industry.